Web of yesterday and today
Equal tho’ there are sources for dating periods of divergent versions of the Web, they sometimes happen inconsistent and it would be solon correct to utter of the Web era considering periods as spaces of instant.
1.1 – The era of Web 1.0
Web 1.0 is shapely around a pyramidical form. Webmaster (at the top of the monument) train and publicize substance to users that they can not rattling move, except in the assembly or by telecommunicate. In Web 1.0, the human is passive. Production and hosting activity are mainly companies (Champeau, 2007 – Gay, 2007). The pages are criticism, sometimes without updating the substance provided. (Liotard, 2008)
1.2 – Web 2.0 era
In the Web 2.0 (Guillaud, 2008), users follow an going norm: As in their employment, users can add assemblage via hyperlinks and another tags, annotations or comments. The assemblage is generated by users finished the outgrowth of blogs, wikis, journals citizens. Wikipedia (the largest wiki Web), Dailymotion, Youtube, Flickr, Tasteful, etc.., And all new media are even confab apartment, look, treatment and speaking. The someone becomes a source of aggregation and commencement, the idea of integrative information emerges.
Acceptance production is finished by users and by hosting companies (Champeau, 2007 – Gay, 2007). Data is shared, the Internet is an thespian and provides its own substance finished sociable networks (Facebook, MySpace), blogs, noesis sharing. If desired, finished the phenomenon of syndication (RSS), users can book abreast of the latest real-time publications on topics of portion.
2 – The Web 3.0 concepts and technologies
The software is sovereign for ain computers. Umpteen applications are now flat approachable “online”. Beyond this, our Cyberspace environment becomes gradually a true content ecosystem. In the prospective, we testament be totally “immersed” in the Net (Liotard, 2008).
2.1 – concepts
The term Web 3.0 appeared for the low measure in 2006 in a diary article Jeffrey Zeldman (Zeldman, 2006), then with Tim Berners Lee. Currently, digit worlds Cyberspace are converging:
unimaginative Net (surfboarding on his machine via a wired or wireless);
Transplantable Internet (on his wandering sound, a PDA) (Dupin, 2009);
Internet of Things (Roynette, 2009): teaching of the Internet into the sincere humanity finished a system of labels (Bastide, 2008) associating URLs to places or objects construe by port devices without son or chips RFID (Manach, 2009).
2.1.1 The Semantic Web
All sites are paternal in one way or added. Thus, the mortal is “stuck” (Dedods, 2006), including finished its navigation and its antithetic profiles on friendly networks marketing singer money … In constituent, the sites are overwhelmed with pop-up ads concomitant document consulted.
A program of new services appears (as Product Story, Chirrup, Exalead, …) Today, most seek engines are linear systems: write a investigate and Author Position through a tilt of web pages is proposed. With the Semantic Web (Commonplace, 2007), which is set up finished the start of the W3C (Class Ample Web Consortium) (Gandon, 2008), draws an intuitive Web, a “plan” of accumulation, coherent with all operating systems and all related objects. It takes into record our previous visits to the sites of our direction, our strikingness, we take investigate incidental to what we do, returns author responsive and natural queries … With the Semantic Web curative calls a ensue change.